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The holy Yamdrok Yumtso Lake lies to the south of Yarlong Tsangpo River in the Shannan Region of Tibet. The lake is one of three holy lakes in Tibet. It is the largest freshwater lake at the south foot of the Himalayas with an area of about 638 square kilometers (about 246 square miles). It is said to be the female Guardian of Buddhism in Tibet.
Situated at the foot of the Mountain Gambo Utse, 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) from the western suburb of Lhasa, the Drepung Monastery is known as the most important monastery of Gelugpa in Tibetan Buddhism. It is considered one of the 'Three Great Monasteries' (the other two are the Ganden Monastery and the Sera Monastery. Covering an area of 250,000 square meters (299,007 square yards), it held 7,700 monks in total and possessed 141 fazendas and 540 pastures in its heyday, and is the largest-scale monastery among the ones of the same kind. Seen from afar, its grand, white construction gives the monastery the appearance of a heap of rice. As such, it was given the name 'Drepung Monastery' which, in the Tibetan language, means Monastery of Collecting-Rice.
The total ruins of Neolithic Age discovered in Tibet include the ruins of Karub, Lesser Enda and Gyangqen in Chamdo. Among them, Karub ruins are the earliest remains so far found in Tibet . Most of the pottery displayed in the Tibet Museum was from Karub Ruins, followed by pottery from Gunggar Qamgo Gully. The pottery unearthed from the ruins of Karub is on a large scale ,regardless of quantity and quality, and its shape, patterns and lines possess the typical characteristics of ceramic craftsmanship in the early times on the plateau.
Nyingchi is reputed as “Southern Yangtze of Tibet” because of its beautiful Scenery. It is famous for the Yarlung Zangbo valley, which is the deepest one in the world. Nyingchi, lying in the east of Tibet, 3100 meters above sea level, is rich in forest and flowers. From frigid plant Herba Saussureae Involucratae to the tropical plants such as banana and palm; it is abundant in nature resources. The primitive landscape is well-protected. Nyingchi’s beautiful scenery is absolutely different from other Tibetan areas. Everywhere is green and eye-catching, sky is crystal blue while white clouds wandering over the forest; forest is covered by ice while Mountains are covered by snow with their shadows in the limpid lake. The landscape is so splendid that you can not believe it is true. The lake is pretty clear for you to see the bottom and fish, while seagulls and white cranes playing on the surface of the lake.
It is very different with other monasteries. It was founded in 1418. The compound housed approximately 15 different monasteries, made up of three different sects (Gelugpa, Sakyapa and Kahdampa) in a rare instance of tolerance amongst the Tibetan orders of Buddhism. It is the only monastery that houses monks from different orders in harmony. As a result, its structural style, deities enshrined and murals are very special.
High up on Mure Mountain in Chonggye County of Shannan Prefecture, sits a large imperial graveyard with nine massifs. Surrounded by open ground and benefiting from moderate weather, rich soil, and beautiful landscape, this area with its favorable natural conditions was the birthplace of the ancient Tibetan nationality and the old home of the outstanding King, Songtsen Gambo.
In the valleys of the Yarlungzangbo River's great bend, at the southeastern border of China on the Qinghai — Tibet plateau, there is a less traveled virgin land. This is the famous Medog Nature Reserve set up in 1985 and covering a total area of 62, 620 hectares, in which all the major vegetation types of the humid regions of the northern hemisphere can be seen.
Mainling means "medicine land" in Tibet, because it is well-known for rare herbal medicine produce since ancient times. Mainling County is located in the east of the Tibet Autonomous Region, at the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River, and between the Nyainqentanglha Mountains and the Himalaya Mountain.
With Dagor Snow-covered Mountain at its back and the Tangra Yumco Lake to the west, the Ruins of Zhangzhung Kingdom is located in Qoinzong near the Ombu Office in Nyima County, Nagqu Prefecture. It covers an area of one square kilometer and occupies a vital place like a mountain fortress.
It is a little visited temple on a small island in a lake, behind the Potala. Dzong Hill Ruins in Gyangze 16 lies at Dzong Hill at the center of Gyantse. In 1904, British troops invaded into Tibet and occupied parts of Tibetan territory. However they met with strong and hard resist in Gyantse at the small hill which was the seat of the local Dzong government. Brave and unyielding Gyantse people using primitive weapons fought British invaders equipped with advanced guns.